A History of Women's Menstruation from Ancient Greece to the by Glenda Lewin Hufnagel

By Glenda Lewin Hufnagel

This is often the 1st vast learn with reference to the cultural and social understandings of menstruation by way of monitoring its evolution over centuries. This examine examines the evolution of the organic, mental, sociological, and behavioral meanings of menarche and menstruation in dominant eu and European-American tradition from the Classical Greek interval throughout the early Twenty-First-Century. the result of this evolution have been used to discover the consequences for the menarcheal schooling of ladies. The study exhibits the subsequent significant affects impacted the cultural building of menarche and menstruation: faith in the course of the historical interval, drugs through the glossy interval, and trade in the course of the modern interval. The e-book means that academic reform during this sector comprise: non-dominant cultural global perspectives, intergenerational help, either female and male kinfolk, integrated as a part of collage coursework, contain group and non secular established academic facilities, and supply info addressing the future health dangers and choices to advertisement items.

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Additional info for A History of Women's Menstruation from Ancient Greece to the Twenty-First Century: Psychological, Social, Medical, Religious, and Educational Issues

Sample text

In the latter pathway arachidonic acid is converted into 12L-hydroperoxyl5,8,10,14-eicosatetraenoic acid (HPETE) and subsequently reduced to 12L-hydroxy-5,81,10,14-eicosatetraenoic acid (HETE). , 1975). , 1981). , 1974), a reaction catalysed by cyclo-oxygenase. , 1976). Thromboxane A2 is a potent platelet aggregating agent (Willis and Kuhn, 1973; Vargaftig and Zirmis, 1973) and induces granule secretion. In addition, it has vasoconstrictor properties (Piper and Vane, 1969). , 1976). , 1975). The mechanism by which thromboxane A2 causes platelet aggregation or vessel constriction is not wholly understood.

Its structure and biological properties have been reviewed by Mosesson and Amrani (1980). , 1979). , 1980). , 1980). , 1980). It has been proposed that fibronectin on the platelet surface has a role in platelet aggregation and adhesion to connective tissue and fibrin thrombi. , 1978), but this is unlikely since treatment of platelets with an antibody to fibronectin has little effect on the adhesion of the platelets to collagen (Santoro and Cunningham, 1979). Platelet-Derived Growth Factors. One or more growth factors are secreted from the lX-granules which have the property of stiniulating human cells to initiate DNA synthesis and cell growth.

W. and Marcus, AJ. (1980) 'Phospholipid metabolism in stimulated human platelets', Journal of Clinical Investigation, 66, 275-83 Brox,1. and 0sterud, B. C, Kuvsi, T. KJ. , Moncada, S. R. S. and Wasteson, A. , Markey, F. and Lindberg, U. (1977) 'Actin polymerizability is influenced by profilin, a low molecular weight protein in non-muscle cells', Journal of Molecular Biology, 115, 465-83 Carroll, RC. M. M. M. G. and Crawford, N. , Lanza, F. and Daver, 1. B. A. M. (1977) 'Action of highly purified phospholipases on blood proteins.

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