A Short History of Europe: From Charlemagne to the Treaty of by Gordon Kerr

By Gordon Kerr

From the coronation of Charlemagne in 800 to the signing of the Treaty of Lisbon in 2007, an available background of the folk, principles, associations, and occasions that experience formed Europe over the last 1,200 years

This fascinating history for beginners provides a coherent map of the jumbled heritage of Europe and the eu concept that has led up to this element. A continent of numerous disparate peoples, races, and countries, ruled by way of assorted principles, philosophies, religions, and attitudes, Europe still has a typical thread of background operating via it, sewing the lands and peoples of its previous and current into one cloth and held jointly by way of the continent’s nice associations: the Church of Rome, the Holy Roman Empire, the eu Union, person monarchies, alternate organisations, and social movements. However, humans have always harbored aspirations to make this monstrous territory one. The Romans got here shut and some centuries later, the principles for an exceptional eu nation have been laid with the production of the Holy Roman Empire. Napoleon overreached himself in trying to create a European-wide Empire—as did Adolf Hitler. Now, Europe is as shut because it ever has been to being one entity, but Europeans nonetheless hold to national independence. 

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4 1 . C. The heaviest concentrations can be observed to the east of the Tigris, but there are also Hurrians in Upper Mesopotamia, where they control several small states, and they have gained a foothold on the western bank of the Euphrates. It looks as if, coming from a generally north-easterly direction, the Hurrians moved down in ever-increasing numbers from the mountainous border of the Fertile Crescent, and advanced to meet the Amorites, who for their part had come out of the Syrian steppe.

2 §m, i, 120. ;§vn, 4, 114. Cambridge Histories Online © Cambridge University Press, 2008 18 NORTHERN MESOPOTAMIA AND SYRIA to bear witness to his prestige and power. We need only observe the marked deference Zimrilim shows him,1 the report already quoted in which he appears as the foremost sovereign of his age (above, p. 2 In this message, Iarimlim reminds his 'brother' that he had saved his life fifteen years before, at the time when he was coming to the help of Babylon, and that he had also given his support to the king of the town of Diniktum, on the Tigris, to whom he supplied five hundred boats.

6 The existence, during Zimrilim's reign, of Hurrian kingdoms in the north of Syria is another pointer tending to prove that the Hurrian expansion in Upper Syria had begun at the time of the Mari documents. It is now possible for us to appreciate the scope of the Hurrian 1 3 5 G, 2, 109. ; §v, 5, 39. G, 8, 9. See also below, p. 35. ff. , 236. * See below, p. 31. 6 See below, p. 4 1 . C. The heaviest concentrations can be observed to the east of the Tigris, but there are also Hurrians in Upper Mesopotamia, where they control several small states, and they have gained a foothold on the western bank of the Euphrates.

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