Adaptive techniques for mixed signal system on chip by Taoufik Bourdi, Izzet Kale
By Taoufik Bourdi, Izzet Kale
Analog and combined sign built-in structures of this day and day after today might be very advanced, as they meet the problem and elevated call for for greater degrees of integration in a procedure on Chip (SoC). present and destiny traits demand pushing process integration to the top degrees for you to in attaining low-budget and occasional strength for big quantity items within the buyer and telecom markets, equivalent to feature-rich hand-held battery-operated units. In today’s analog layout setting, a completely built-in CMOS SoC layout may well require numerous silicon spins earlier than it meets all product requirements and sometimes with really low yields. This ends up in major raise in improvement expense, specially that masks set expenditures raise exponentially as characteristic dimension scales down.
This publication is dedicated to the topic of adaptive ideas for shrewdpermanent analog and combined sign layout wherein totally practical first-pass silicon is available. To our wisdom, this can be the 1st booklet dedicated to this topic. The strategies defined should still bring about quantum development in layout productiveness of advanced analog and combined sign platforms whereas considerably slicing the spiraling expenses of product improvement in rising nanometer applied sciences. The underlying ideas and layout innovations provided are well-known and would definitely practice to CMOS analog and combined sign structures in excessive quantity , reasonably cheap instant , cord line, and shopper digital SoC or chip set solutions.
Adaptive suggestions for combined sign Sytem on Chip discusses the concept that of model within the context of analog and combined sign layout besides assorted adaptive architectures used to manage any approach parameter. the 1st a part of the ebook offers an outline of different parts which are mostly utilized in adaptive designs together with tunable parts in addition to voltage, present, and time references with an emphasis at the circuit layout of particular blocks resembling voltage-controlled transconductors, offset comparators, and a singular procedure for exact implementation of on chip resistors. whereas the 1st a part of the e-book addresses adaptive thoughts on the circuit and block degrees, the second one half discusses adaptive equalization architectures hired to reduce the effect of ISI (Intersymbol Interference) at the caliber of got information in high-speed cord line transceivers. It offers the implementation of a 125Mbps transceiver working over a variable size of type five (CAT-5) Ethernet cable as an instance of adaptive equalizers.
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Extra resources for Adaptive techniques for mixed signal system on chip
22 Chapter 3 CASE STUDY The case presented here is for a possible usage in the WLAN standard. The specified parameters are shown in Table 3-1. Table 3-1. 72 GHz 40/3 MHz 100 MHz/V 2 mA 100 kHz 56o Using the above-derived equations, the values for the second-order loop filter components are obtained. Together with other loop parameters, those are shown in Table 3-2. Table 3-2. 2 µs Figure 3-6 shows the open-loop gain and phase transfer functions for the design of the PLL, whereas Figure 3-7 shows the closed-loop gain and phase transfer functions.
The synthesizer shown in Figure 3-14 is termed first-order fractional-N frequency synthesizer. The fractional divider is composed of two parts: the integral part N and the fractional part F and is often Phase-Locked Loop Frequency Synthesizers VCXO fref 1/R fsamp 35 PFD VCO f out DMD N/N+1 overflow Frac latch Figure 3-14. g. 5). Frac controls a digital accumulator whose overflow controls a dual-modulus prescaler N/N + 1. The size of the accumulator used depends on the frequency error as well as the sampling frequency.
Brennan, “Phase/Frequency Detector Phase Noise Contribution in PLL Frequency Synthesizer,” IEEE Electronics Letters, July 2001, 37 (15), pp. 939–940.  I. V. Brennan, “Phase Noise Contribution of the Phase/Frequency Detector in a Digital PLL Frequency Synthesizer,” IEE Proceedings on Circuits, Devices and Systems, Feb. 2003, 150 (1), pp. 1–5. D. A. A. Kwasniewski, “Delta–Sigma Modulation in Fractional-N Frequency Synthesis,” IEEE Journal SolidState Circuits, 28, pp. 553–559, May 1993.  B. Miller and B.