Adult Cognition: An Experimental Psychology of Human Aging by Timothy A. Salthouse
By Timothy A. Salthouse
For your time now, the learn of cognitive improvement has been a ways and away the main lively self-discipline inside of developmental psychology. even though there will be a lot confrontation as to the precise share of papers released in developmental journals which may be thought of cognitive, 50% sounds like a conservative estimate. as a result, a sequence of scholarly books to be dedicated to paintings in cognitive improvement is principally applicable at the moment. The Springer sequence in Cognitive improvement comprises uncomplicated forms of books, specifically, edited collections of unique chapters by way of a number of authors, and unique volumes written by way of one writer or a small staff of authors. The flagship for the Springer sequence is a serial e-book of the "advances" variety, sporting the subtitle development in Cognitive improvement learn. Volumes within the development series are strongly thematic, in that every is restricted to a couple well-defined area of cognitive-developmental study (e. g. , logical and mathematical improvement, semantic development). All growth volumes are edited collections. Editors of such books, upon session with the sequence Editor, may possibly go with to have their works released both as contributions to the development series or as separate volumes. All books written by way of one writer or a small staff of authors may be released as separate volumes in the sequence. a pretty wide definition of cognitive improvement is getting used within the number of books for this series.
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Additional info for Adult Cognition: An Experimental Psychology of Human Aging
1976, p. , as well as such social or cultural environmental factors as education trends, nutrition habits, mass media characteristics, availability of rapid transportation, public attitudes, etc. The existence of environmental change factors has two important implications for research in adult development. , traceable to factors external to the individual) effect. Unless independent evidence is available to rule out the likelihood of environmental influences, the environmental change factor must be considered as a serious alternative hypothesis to the hypothesis that the source of the observed results is a maturational factor.
It seems ... clear that no one way of studying ageing is wholly free from methodological objections and that we can thus seldom, if ever, draw certain conclusions from a single experiment or industrial study. In view of this it appears wiser to carry out several small-scale studies using different methods rather than concentrate the whole research on a few large-scale investigations. (p. 168) This approach of emphasizing conclusions based on aggregate results rather than the findings of a single experiment will be followed throughout this book.
Environmental Change Effects The issue of the role of environmental change factors in adult development can be considered to be another variant of the nature-nurture, heredityenvironment controversy that is so pervasive in nearly all areas of psychology. Since the nurturing environment is changing as the hereditary nature of the individual evolves, it is often difficult to determine whether observed age differences are not actually manifestations of environmental changes. The idea that effects of environmental change had to be separated from the effects of maturational change in interpreting age differences has been reintroduced with different terminology a number of times over the past 40 years.