Age of Revolution 1789-1848 by Eric J. Hobsbawm
By Eric J. Hobsbawm
The 1st in Eric Hobsbawm's outstanding trilogy at the heritage of the 19th century
Between 1789 and 1848 the area was once reworked either by way of the French Revolution and likewise through the commercial Revolution that originated in Britain. This 'Dual Revolution' created the trendy global as we all know it.
Eric Hobsbawm strains with tremendous analytical readability the transformation led to in each sphere of eu existence through the twin Revolution - within the behavior of conflict and international relations; in new commercial components and at the land; between peasantry, bourgeoisie and aristocracy; in tools of presidency and of revolution; in technological know-how, philosophy and faith; in literature and the humanities. yet primarily he sees this because the interval while commercial capitalism confirmed the domination over the remainder of the area it used to be to carry for a century.
Eric Hobsbawm's spell binding and unique account is an impassioned yet goal historical past of the main major sixty years within the historical past of Europe.
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Extra info for Age of Revolution 1789-1848
Both were inspired by ideas that were emerging throughout much of the country: that the wide diffusion of useful knowledge was essential to the continued progress of America; that learning, at whatever level, should be accessible to all, independent of social rank; and that if industry were to grow and prosper, the work of the mechanic in any art must be guided by a knowledge and understanding of the underlying, basic scientific principles, rather than by mere dependence on traditional practice inherited through apprenticeship.
21 9 Chapter 1 The technical schools of France set the pattern and were soon copied in most of the countries of Europe. Mathematics and science were recognized as the essential foundation, and engineering progressed from the work of the artisan or craftsman to the level of a learned profession. Although the Polytechnique maintained the highest standards of scholarship, it evolved separately and independently from any university. In this, too, it was the forerunner of many of the most distinguished technical institutes in Europe in the early nineteenth century.
The Academy of Sciences promoted study and research on a national level, and science was accepted and pursued by the universities. To educate students with this end in view was not, according to the French belief, the function of the university. These were schools of the highest standing, attended by an intellectual elite and serving as a model to other countries of Europe and, later, to the United States. In Germany early efforts to introduce the study of engineering into the old established universities were totally rejected.